One year after the court struck down Wisconsin’s local social host ordinances, a revised statewide social host law[i]will take effect after publication. This memo highlights the important distinctions between the local social host ordinances invalidated last year and the new law, explains how it will be implemented locally, and outlines how you can use the passage of this new law to help reduce underage drinking.
Highlights of the New Law
The new law makes it illegal to provide a location for underage drinking. It applies to:
· Adults (age 18 and older)
· Who “knowingly permit” or “fail to take action to prevent” underage drinking
· On property the adult owns andoccupies OR
· Occupied by the adult andunder their control
Including hotel/motel rooms, bed & breakfasts, cabins/cottages rented by tourists, and campgrounds the adult has paid for or provided “security” for.[ii]Violations carry a $500 forfeiture for a first offense. Like driving under the influence, the first offense is not a crime.[iii]Subsequent offenses within a certain time period can also include imprisonment – ranging from up to 30 days to up to 9 months.
Exemptions: The following exemptions remain, meaning these things are legal:
· Alcohol provided as part of a religious service;[iv]and
· Alcohol served to underage persons accompanied by their parent, guardian, or spouse of legal drinking age[v]
Interpreting the Law: Different in Counties and Cities Across our State
Every new law requires interpretation to be implemented; different interpretations are common as jurisdictions adopt approaches to implementation that are tailored to the specific needs of their community. Also, interpretations can change over time as situations faced by law enforcement change.
For example, how municipalities determine an adult “failed to take action to prevent”underage drinking could differ. Some communities may decide that failing to secure alcohol already on the property is failing to prevent underage drinking while other municipalities may adopt a different standard. The phrase “knowingly permit” is also open to interpretation.
In some parts of Wisconsin, the terms “occupy”and “control”could suggest the adult must be in the structure where underage drinking occurs while in less populated parts of the state, outbuildings, barns or even docks could be considered under the adult’s control. These are issues the police and local prosecutors will work through in the coming months, and the Wisconsin Alcohol Policy Project will track these.
However, if a city interprets the law too broadly, the courts might determine that they have overreached, as happened last year when an Appellate Court ruled that the local ordinances adopted that made it illegal to provide a location for underage drinking were invalid since they went further than state law.[vi]
Remember also, the term social hostis generic and used differently in other states, explanations or advice from other states may not apply in Wisconsin.
How the State Law Works Locally
Most Wisconsin municipalities have adopted Wisconsin Statute Chapter 125i(the portion of state law regulating alcohol) into their local ordinances, a step permitted so that offenses can be prosecuted as ordinance violations in municipal court. This step has no impact on the legality or illegality of any act, if the State makes something illegal, it is illegal throughout the state. What changes is whether the violation is charged as a state violation in Circuit (County) Court or city or town ordinance violation in municipal court.
Many – but not all – municipalities adopted Chapter 125 in a way that assures changes made at the state level are also adopted by the municipality. When the state law changes the municipal code also changes automatically.
But some municipalities must adopt each change in state-level alcohol policy as they occur. The municipal clerk knows if this step is necessary in your community. In those cities and towns, failure to adopt the new language does notmake it legal to provide a location for underage drinking, it simply requires any citation to be written as a violation of state law until the change is adopted locally.
Role for Community Coalitions
Community coalitions working with local police and schools can support the new law by making it clear that the community does not condone illegal underage drinking anywhere, and looks unfavorably upon adults who allow such drinking in their homes or on property they control. Successful police enforcement depends on community support; it is essential for community coalitions to be vocal advocates for enforcing the new social host law.
Consider using your upcoming Parents Who Host Lose the Most[vii]campaign to educate the community about this new statewide law. The simple solid message is: it is now illegal for an adult to provide a locationfor underage drinking anywherein Wisconsin. This message helps reduce youth access to alcohol – the most effective way to prevent underage drinking.
Please feel free to contact Julia, if you have any questions about the new social host law and its implementation. I’ll send updates and local interpretations as they arise.
Julia Sherman, Coordinator
Wisconsin Alcohol Policy Project
[i]Section 1. 125.07 (1) (a) 3. of the statutes is amended to read:
125.07 (1)(a) 3. No adult may knowingly permit or fail to take action to prevent the illegal consumption of alcohol beverages by an underage person on property, including anypremises,owned and occupiedby the adult or occupied by the adult andunder the adult's control.This subdivision applies at a lodging establishment, as defined in s. 106.52 (1) (d), only if the adult has furnished payment or security for lodging.This subdivision does not apply to alcohol beverages used exclusively as part of a religious service.
[ii]106.52 (d)“Lodging establishment" means any of the following:
1.A bed and breakfast establishment, as defined ins. 97.01 (1g).
2.A hotel, as defined ins. 97.01 (7).
3.A tourist rooming house, as defined ins. 97.01 (15k).
[iii]Wis. Stat. 939.12. Crimedefined.A crimeis conduct which is prohibited by state law and punishable by fine or imprisonment or both. Conduct punishable only by a forfeiture is not a crime
[iv]Wis. Stat. 125.07(a)3. This subdivision does not apply to alcohol beverages used exclusively as part of a religious service.
[v]Wis. Stat. 125.07(a)1. No person may procure for, sell, dispense or give away any alcohol beverages to any underage person not accompanied by his or her parent, guardian or spouse who has attained the legal drinking age.
[vi]Cnty. of Fond Du Lac v. Muche, 2016 WI App 84, 372 Wis. 2d 403, 888 N.W.2d 12.